The glory of Helabima before the dawn of the Kingdom of Anuradhapura

In many occasions in Anuradhapura period, in the times of well advanced kingdoms in Deva Hela in prior to Pre-Vijayan period, in the well advanced kingdoms prevailed in Ruhuna & the east, well preserved and precious books, texts & documents written in Hela language & Maghadi language were used and referred by the ancient scholars and learnt persons lived in this county. The books and texts of this nature were stored in the libraries in Heladiva that day. Our history shows the facts for destruction of almost all these books on fire due to political and cultural attacks faced by our country from time to time.

These massive destruction happened several times. First, it was the war of SuraAsura, Rama-Rawana war. Then it was the attacks by King Vijaya. Precious books written in our country were destroyed by the invasions of Dravidian[1] such as Maga[2]& Pandawa[3]. Later, many other invasions also came from South India. Many books were destroyed due to the conflicts between Mahayana and Hinayana as well.

In the ancient times, in prior to the shifting of the capital city to Lankapura – to Anuradhapura – well developed towns and villages were situated in this Helabima  in the eastern coastal belt, Ruhuna and in the central regions of the country. The Kingdom of Magadha of which the city of Rajagaha was the capital city (today it is Rajagala in Ampara), the Kingdom of Lichchavi of which the city of Visala was the capital city (today this is the area covered by the Yala wildlife sanctuary), the kingdom of Rawana Dynasty which covered the areas such as Kegalle, Rathnapura and also Mahanuwara region, the kingdom situated in the city of Varanasi in Kasirata (today this is area of Mulathiv and Vavniya), the Kingdom of Kosala of which the city of Savath was the capital city (today this is the Ritigala area) were the very powerful kingdoms in the ancient Heladiva. And also the city of Kimbulwath was the capital city of the Kingdom of Sakyans and it was situated to the southern region of river Mahaveli in Dimbulagala today. Now, we need to find out the main reasons for the total destruction of this well advanced history.

Following the convention, what we know as the history of Lanka was something taught to us by the white men, the British rulers. They were written down in books as the accepted history. They created and modified the history and forced us to accept it as our history. Some white civil officers, who had the governing responsibility in India and Lanka, were engaged in the task of writing the history of Lanka. The white civil officers such as the assistant government agents of Kegalle, George Turner and James Prinsep, Strongs, Rhys Davids and specially Codrington and H C P Bell[4], based on the little knowledge that they gathered from various books, as it was understood by them, they made up, created and wrote up a particular history for Lanka and handed it over to us. The ones who came later, Sinhala scholars and professors respected the western thought and they were not bothered to have an analytical view on the history created and given to us by the British, the white men. But still, if someone had come forward and presented research based independent analytical views, they were highly busy to go against those views and opinions. Securing the view point of the white men and going against the views which are against their views, was the duty of our historians and the archeologists. This happens in this same way to this date as well.

“There were very developed kingdoms in this Helabima  even before King Vijaya” is something beyond the thinking levels of these scholars. It is very clear that they had the habit of leaving these ideas thinking that these ideas cannot happen and not possible. Even though Arisen Ahubudu[5],Sooriya Gunasekara, Professor Paranavithana and also some more persons presented some analytical views in time to time, our own so called scholars could not stand on these balanced views, they used the political and religious powers against them and suppressed all of them aggressively. No anyone genuinely made any attempt to find out the truth. That is because they were influenced by the social acceptances and also personal gains. But, in every occasion that someone attempts to disclose the truth, there were many in the front to mercilessly criticize and suppress the truth. Even to this date there are many persons of this nature.

Even though exact times and dates cannot be presented, one particular Sinhala author wrote a historical book titled “Mahavamsa in Hela language, something of our own, in the very early stage in the Anuradhapura period, after the reign of King Duttugamunu. It was essay type panegyric writing and it contained historical information as well. Originally, based on the panegyric approach, this panegyric writing had been done with the aim of praising out the performances and capabilities of the Sinhala kings. But later it was considered as a historical text.

Today what we read as Mahavamsa is the “Pali Mahavamsa” translated and written in Pali language after 300 years of Mahavamsa written in Hela language. The personal opinions of the author, Bhikku Mahanama, are also included in to this Pali Mahavamsa. It was a book written in Pali language of which the source was the Mahavamsa which was originally written in Hela language. Long praises are given for the kings that Bhikku Mahanama was interested in and the descriptions given for some kings are limited to few stanzas.

There had been one historic Hela book called Deepavamasa[6] written in Pali language as well and this Deepavamasa (Pali) is still available for our use. This Deepavamsa too had been written in a period after the very first Sinhala (Hela) Mahavamsa. But it was the period which was prior to the writing of Pali Mahavamsa. It can be seen that the author of Deepavamsa also had referred and gathered the ideas from the very first Sinhala (Hela) Mahavamsa and had written Deepavamsa.

We have three more Chroniclers left, namely, Daathu Vamsa, Thoopa Vamsa and Bodhi Vamsa which were written after Anuradhapura period, at the end of Polonnaruwa period or the period even after that. Many people believe in that these books were written in the period of Dambadeniya. There are details for another chronicle written in Hela language in the same ancient time of Sinhala Mahavamsa, but today this important historical book is misplaced. This history book was “Uththara Vamsa and as it contained some information about the Anuradhapura period and also about Hela kingdoms existed prior to that period, we don’t have a clear idea whether it was purposely misplaced or destroyed. Uththara Vamsa was written on the history of Buddha Dhamma. “Uththara Vamsa” got its name as it contained information about the ancient Buddhist history. This book called Uththara Vamsa which carried the information about the Hela Buddhist history had been in use until the Kandyan period, says the author in his book called Raajaawaliya. Raajaawaliya was written during the Kadyan period. Today there is another opinion over this “Uththra Vamsa” that it had been misplaced purposely as it contained information which was against the history written by the white men.

However, today what is known to us as our ancient Hela history is just a story which is incomplete & created with fixings taken from here and there. Especially, the period prior to the great King Dutugamunu, history of Lanka is filled with artificially created information backed by many assumptions. Even though golden eras of our ancient Hela history is covered by the sands of time, as the ruins of them are well preserved in this Helabima for us to go and discover them out, the history of Helabima cannot be covered and closed up totally.

Today, going back to 15 months of the publishing date of volume 1 of this book i.e. the time period between today and the month of Poson in 2009 where I published the first volume of this book (අප උපන් මේ හෙළබිම බුදුන් උපන් ජන්බුද්වීපයයි – Gautama Buddha was born in this Helabima ), within this very short period of time of 15 months, many people from different parts of Helabima  had conducted many discoveries and the information flashed out from those discoveries had strongly proved the absolute truth highlighted by me in the first book.

All these ruins discovered certify and showcase the genuine information about Helabima  in the day that Gautama Buddha gained his Enlightenment. Within a very short period of 15 months, by chance or by discoveries, our own researchers, archeologists or some other persons had collected and published a large amount of historical information. Special attention should be given here for that fact that all the information gathered here dates back to the periods which are prior to the reign of King Vijaya i.e. ancient reigns which were even prior to the beginning of the kingdom of Anuradhapura. All these archeological information dates back either to the era of Buddha i.e. to the period where Gautama Buddha was born and gained his Enlightenment or to the eras even prior to that. It should be mentioned here that all these splashing out of information were scheduled on proper time by the effect of Darmatha and they had helped to disclose the truth of Helabima on time. All these things were splashed out from Janbudveepa.

  1.  November in 1999, a group of Sri Lankan archeologists conducted an excavation near the city of Anuradhapura and discovered some ruins of an old large town : it is certified that the archeological properties discovered from this place date back to the period of 600 BC, i.e. the period that Buddha was born. Gautama Buddha attended in to his Enlightenment by 589 BC and his very first sermon was held at the Isipathanaarama monastery which is situated closer to this site, the old town from where these ruins were discovered.  Rajamaha Vihara of Isinbassagala situated near Madavachchiya today was the Isipathanaarama monastery in the past. These ruins and information discovered are attached to a well developed city and date back to the post -period of the reign of King Devanampiyathissa, i.e. the era even prior to King Vijaya’s visit to Lanka. Mahavamsa says that the Anuradhapura city, which was known as Lankapura, was built by King Devamanpitathissa. But, why doesn’t it say anything about these ancient cities? What happened to these cites when the time of writing Mahavamsa?
  2. In the very recent past, Sri Lanka Army discovered the ruins of many ancient monastic grounds from the thick jungles in the Mulathiv and Vavniya districts. They were discovered from the regions which came under the ancient kingdom of Kasi and now they are identified as the ruins of Buddhist monasteries. Since these ruins were recorded in the pre history of King Vijaya’s period, they can be considered as the evidence which will guide us to re-write the history of Helabima .
  3. Recently, the most ancient archeological properties and the ruins of a large city were discovered from the place called “Ranchaamadamawhich is situated closer to Ambilipitiya: it is proved that the archeological properties found here are thousand years older than the kingdom of Anuradhapura. And, hence, this is a very strong evidence to prove that there had been very advanced villages and cities in Ruhuna & in the southern regions even before the dawn of the kingdom of Anuradhapura. Gautama Buddha attended in to his Parinibbana in 543 BC in Kusinara in Budugala which is situated closer to this Ranchamadama area.
  4. At the end of year 2009, Sri Lanka Army was busy in the construction of a road connecting the sacred grounds of Somawathi and Seruvila and they discovered some sacred feet of Buddha and also some more archeological properties: this region was spread over the city of Kimbulwath which was ruled by the Sakyan Dynasty. These sacred feet of Buddha and other ruins belong to the reign of ancient Sakyans.
  5. The ruins of a royal palace discovered in the month of June in 2010 from the eastern region which is in-between Vakarai and Verugal. The size of the site expanded to an acre: This place was known as the city of Kottiyaram, today it is called Ichchilanpaththuwa, and was the Sakyan kingdom ruled by the King Amithodana. The royal palace discovered could be the palace of King Amithodana. King Amithodana is a brother of King Suddhodana. Here it splashes out the very best evidence to prove that there had been well developed kingdoms in these areas which were coming under Deva Hela. Kottiyarama means the area where there had been “Kotiyak”[7]  of Aramas, monasteries. This is a good evidence that there had been “Kotiyak” of Buddhist Aramas, monasteries in the city of Kottiyaram which came under the birth place of the Buddha, city of Kapilawasthu. The term “Kotiya” in Maghadi language suggests the meaning such as “there is no end” or “numerous”.
  6. Somewhere in July in 2010, the Department of Archeology organized a press conference.  And in this conference an analysis over the largest archeological site in Helabima  with numerous ruins was presented: These ruins are the ruins of the city of Rajagaha where Buddha lived in his initial stage of his life and they spread over more than 1600 acres. Though this place is called “Rajagala today, it was called the city of Rajagaha in the past in the Tripitaka texts and in Mahavamsa. The ruins such as Veluvanarama monastery which was offered to Buddha by King Bimbisara and also 28 places with Buddhist ruins which are related to Veluvanarama monastery are discovered from Rajagala now. Today, the Department of Archeology has started the excavation in a very small area of ten acres and had discovered some archeological properties. Someone even can’t imagine the amount of archeological properties to be discovered in the future from a massive area like 1600 acres.
  7. The archeological ruins discovered at “Nella” (Ampara) situated to the southern part of Rajagala, the city of Rajagala:  This is nothing but another part of the monastic land of the city of Rajagaha. The ruins in Buddangala today are also situated very closer to “Nella”. Some people have the opinion that the place called Nella was known as “Deegavapiin the ancient times and it could be the very original Deegavapi.[8]In the time of Buddha, the whole of Digamadulla region was the well developed kingdom of Magadha. The archeological ruins belong the Kingdom of Magadha are excavated now in large numbers from the Ampara region. The city of Rajagaha in the kingdom of Magadha is where the Buddha attended in to his Enlightenment, lived 25 years in the initial times of his life and was the world centre for Buddha Dhamma. During the time that Buddha lived and during the reign of the kingdom of Anuradhapura, this Veluvanarama monastery was the very first Buddhist academy in the Buddhist world for a long period of 800 years. That day, the people in the world learnt Buddha Dhamma from this place called Rajagala.
  8. Many ancient tombs and some more ruins related to them were found from the mountain base of Koslanda and Haldummulla in August in 2010. This site is situated closer to the city of Kusinara in Budugala where the Buddha attended in to his Parinibbana: These tombs and other things found related to them can be considered as the tombs of members of the royal family in the kingdom of Malla.

It is greatly appreciated if our scholars pay more attention, than what they do now, on these archeological ruins which are splashing out now from the birth place of Buddha, Janbudveepa, which was known as Devahela in the ancient times, and declare their genuine & balanced opinions. Now it’s time for us to step out from the misleading historical conclusions, which were handed down to us by the British and walk on path of free thinking.

We need to draw our attention on the research information presented by different archeologists and other researchers from different countries in the west. During 1970 – 2006, these researches were conducted on Lanka and other similar countries which claimed ancient historical values. American and German researchers discovered many amazing information about this Helabima. But they did not disclose them to the world. There are certain cases where these same researchers had disclosed certain information about this matter as well. We should draw our attention on the fact that most of these information discovered dates back to an ancient reign in Helabima  which is older than Anuradhapura period, or to the very ancient period of Helabima (600-3000 BC). It’s a fact that they know very important information about our ancient Helabima than us.

Next Chapter…

[1]Dravidian people refers to a family of related ethnicities and populations that speak languages belonging to the Dravidian language family. Populations of speakers are found mostly in Southern India and Sri Lanka. (Read more in Appendix).

[2] The south Indian invader, Kalinga Maga invaded Polonnaruwa in 1214 A.D. (Read more in Appendix).

[3]Dravidian (Pandyan and Chola) invasions in Sri Lanka before and after the 9th century. (Read more in Appendix).

[4] Harry Charles Purvis Bell (1851 – 1937), more often known as HCP Bell, was a British civil servant and a commissioner in the Ceylon Civil Service. (Read more in Appendix).

[5] Kalasuri Arisen Ahubudu (Sinhala: කලාසූරි අරිසෙන් අහුබුදු) (1920–2011) was a writer, orator, scholar, playwright, teacher (Guru), Sinhala lyricist, author and poet in Sri Lanka, born in Mudiyallagahawatta in Malalaga, Koggala. (Read more in Appendix).

[6]The Dipavamsa, or Deepavamsa, (i.e., Chronicle of the Island, in Pali: Dīpavaṃsa) is the oldest historical record of Sri Lanka. It means Chronicle of the Island. (Read more in Appendix).

[7] The meaning of “Kotiyak” in Sinhala in today’s context is 10,000,000.

[8] Deegavapi or Dighavapi (දීඝවාපි in Sinhalese and Pali), or Digavapi is a Buddhist sacred shrine and an archaeological site in the Ampara District of Sri Lanka, boasting of historical records dating back to the 3rd century BCE. (Read more in Appendix).

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